Sunday, October 28, 2007

BI Master - Attributes of Decision Process

The attributes of a decision process is represented in the decision-data pyramid, which shows the transformation of ‘Data’ to ‘Infor­mation’ to ‘Knowledge’ to ‘Decision’ with rapidly increasing ‘value or worth’ as we move from the bottom of a decision pyramid to the top. Data by themselves have little value or worth; once they are processed, analyzed, and organized, they become information. Once the information is processed by the user to develop and enhance understanding of a situation or a problem, it turns into knowledge. It is this knowledge that can reduce the risk of undesir­able consequences of a decision.

Operational decisions involve day to day operations, dealing with problems that often become well known, such as how many units of a product to stock, or what employee to assign to what task. These decisions usually are repeated quite often.

At the other extreme, strategic decisions involve the long-range plan of the organization. Strategic decisions occur much less often then operational decisions, but affect the entire firm, may involve large sums of money, and there is inherently more risk involved in making them.

Tactical decisions are usually required more often than strategic decisions, but not as often as operational decisions. Middle level managers usually have more discretion than operational decision makers, but are constrained by strategic plans.

Strategic Level
Organizational vision and mission
Organizational policies
Target markets
Long-range goals

Tactical Level
Middle management
Mid-range goals
Effective resource allocation
Budgeting, for example.

Operational Level
First line management
Short-range goals
Day to day activities (efficiency)

There are persons that are so focused in the goals and gives so high importance to the methodologies that a problem leaves of being a problem.
The classic decision-data pyramid will be transformed in a losangle, because the solution to resolve a problem will be repeated and is converted in an automated process, as you can see in the following picture:

Following Gorry and Scott Morton approach, the degree of structure for a problem changes as decision makers learn more about problems.

And each problem could be classified from different levels:

This picture demonstrates well the problem decision, and following my teacher homewrok request I will describe in the next post, the most important level - management level, tasks and sub-tasks.


Rui Almeida Santos said...

Good work Peter Perfect.

This article is meant to be published at SIAD central blog.

Best regards

Pedro said...

Grande Rui!! Só mesmo tu para me fazeres uma visita ao meu humilde blog!!! Obrigado pelo post, sabes que é uma honra ter-te por aqui!!! :-)
Um grande abraço!!!!

Rui Norte said...

Great Job.

Filipe Nunes said...

Perfect work, Perfect!

Jorge Afonso said...

Excelente trabalho!
Concordo com o Rui... Deve ir para o blog central!

Pedro said...

Ruis, Filipe e Jorge,
muito obrigado pela vossa visita!! Nao imaginam o quanto é importante para mim o vosso feedback!!!
Grande abraço e Força a todos!!!


Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...